A formula to "Think and Speak in English"
Learning to think in English in 6 easy steps...
Before learning how to think in English let's first see what is a thought.
A thought is actually a consciousness about a state, a possession or an action. For eg. I am in a conversation(State-S), I have an idea(Possession-P), I will do it(Action-A).
A state can be Present,Past or Future.
A possession can also be Present,Past or Future.
An action can also be Present,Past or Future.
Now in all these thoughts the subject is mentioned first. But we can also say in this way:
There is a meeting today. There are ten people working here.
Here it is like an outside observation or a comment about the subject. We can say it is of the type Objective Reality(R)
So in short any thought can be expressed as S P A R ie., State,Possession,Action and Reality.
This is the formula to think in English.
Now an interaction in all different ways of State, Possession, Action and Reality to express our thoughts.
I S T A T E
1.Are you in the office? I am in my workplace now.(Present)2.Were you in this shop yesterday? I was not in this shop.(Past)
3.Will you be at home by 5 in the evening today? I will be at home by 5 p.m tomorrow.(Future)
4.How long have you been here in this city? I have been here for a month now.(Present state with Time period)
II P O S S E S S I O N
1.Does she have some work here? She has no work today.(Present)
2.Did she have any major work yesterday? She had some good work yesterday.(Past)
3.Will she have any problems while driving on that route? She will be safe while driving.(Future)
III A C T I O N
1.Do you wake up before sunrise? I wake up with the Sun.(Habitual Action)
2.Do you like to wake up early and jog? I like to wake up early and jog everyday. (Mind Action)
3.Are you driving now? My friend is driving the car. (Present Live Action)
4.Are you going to the wedding today? I am going there in the evening. (Future Action in Present)
5.Have you attended the programme before ? I haven't attended the programme before. (Past Action in Present)
6.Have you been waiting for a long time? I have been waiting for an hour. (Present Live Action with duration of time)
7.Did you come here by 10 a.m? I came by 9 a.m. (Past Action in Past)
8.Were you sitting here in the first session? I was sitting on that side in the first session. (Past Live Action)
9.Will you act in this movie? I will act in this movie. (Future Action)
10.Will you be shooting today? I will be shooting tomorrow. (Future Live Action)
Two more actions:
I had written the script of the movie before the shooting began. (Past action before an event)
We will have released the movie by next Friday. (Future action before an event)
IV R E A L I T Y
1.Is there any time left for the programme to start? There is some time left for the programme to start.
2.Was there any free time yesterday? There was some free time yesterday.
3.Will there be time tomorrow to do this work? There will be no time tomorrow to do this work.
4.Has there been any problems in the last one year with this laptop? There has been a few problems in the beginning.
V PASSIVE ACTION
1.Is the machine used everyday? The machine is used everyday.
2.Is this TV programme liked by all? This TV programme is enjoyed by all here.
3.Are the books being read now? All these books are being read now.
4.Are the dishes being served within ten minutes? The dishes are going to be served soon.
5.Has the problem been solved? The problem hasn't been solved yet.
6.Was the work completed yesterday? The work wasn't completed yesterday.
7.Which song was being recorded just now? "Jana Na" was being recorded just now.
8.Will you be given any new duties today? I may be given some new duties today.
VI USING MODAL VERBS LIKE CAN,COULD,MAY ETC.
1.Can you be my partner on this project? I would like to be your partner on this project. (STATE)
2.Shall we have a discussion on this? We should have a discussion to decide this. (POSSESSION)
3.May I come for the seminar? You must come for the seminar. (ACTION)
4.Will there be an interview tomorrow for this post? There might be an interview tomorrow. (REALITY)
5.Can this problem be solved in this way? This could be solved like this. (PASSIVE ACTION)
SO LET'S FIRST THINK IN ENGLISH...
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